Mathematics is an exact science that we begin to learn at school. Then we find its application in everyday life as well, from the banal calculation of the amount of purchases in the store to the use of high-tech objects, the creation of which would be impossible without complex and accurate calculations.
The most interesting facts about mathematics
Like any other science, there have been a huge number of important and useful discoveries made in mathematics, so we can tell you many interesting facts.
The science of mathematicsThe most difficult question in the world
Mathematics as a science originated as far back as 2,000 years ago, and there are certainly a lot of interesting things to tell you about it. Let’s highlight a few sections with facts about math:
In Arabic, the word “number” means “zero,” but so historically all numbers are now called by this word.
666 is the most mystical and shrouded in legend. The sum of all the numbers in the game roulette is 666, and in the European Parliament there is a chair with this number, but according to a long tradition, no one sits on it.
The Chinese do not like to use the number 4, because in their language it is pronounced “death”.
Negative numbers were almost never used until the 19th century, when they were invented by the Italian merchant Pisano to fix his debts.
In Thai, the number 5 is pronounced “ha,” and 555 is a slang phrase for laughter.
Italians don’t like the number 17, because even in ancient Rome they wrote the phrase “I am no more” on tombstones, which visually looked like VIXI (the numbers 6 and 11, the sum of which equals 17).
Facts from the life of mathematicians
Sophia Kovalevskaya became interested in the exact science when she was a child. It was encouraged by the fact that due to lack of money her parents pasted the walls of her room not with wallpaper, but with lecture notes on mathematics.
In adulthood Sofia had to arrange a fake marriage to study mathematics, because in Russia at that time women were forbidden to engage in science, and her father was against his daughter’s trip abroad.
The first woman mathematician in history is recognized as a Greek woman named Hypatia, who lived in Egyptian Alexandria in the 5th century AD.
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson was a little-known British mathematician, but he became famous throughout the world as a writer under the pen name Lewis Carroll.
One day the American mathematician George Danzig, while still a student, was late for a lecture and mistook the equations written on the board for his homework. With great difficulty the future scientist coped with them, and later it turned out that these were two “unsolvable” problems in statistics, on which several scientists had been working for years.
Genius of our time Stephen Hawking once shared that he studied mathematics only in school. And when he taught at Oxford, he simply read a textbook designed for students several chapters ahead of time.
One of the most enigmatic mathematicians is Euclid. The fact is that much is known about his writings, but almost nothing is known about him himself: neither the exact date of birth, nor the date of death, nor other details of his biography. Only that he lived in Alexandria around the 3rd century BC.
Interesting things from the history of mathematics
The oldest mathematical work was found in Swaziland, South Africa. It was a baboon bone, on which were stamped dashes for counting. The bone is estimated by scientists to be about 37,000 years old.
The first mathematical notations in the form of groups of prime numbers were also inscribed on the bone, now about 19 thousand years old.
Bones with inscribed “numbers.
People began to count in ancient times. Firstly on fingers, then using improvised materials (stones, branches), and then invented to knot on ropes.
In 1897, the state of Indiana in the United States issued a bill which legally set the value of Pi equal to 3.2 (instead of the commonly accepted 3.14). But thanks to the timely intervention of a local university professor, the bill never became law.
Applications of mathematics to human life
In addition to scientists and inventors who use the postulates of this fundamental science in their work, people in other occupations not associated with science also frequently rely on mathematical calculations in their daily lives.
For example, when filling up a car, we multiply the cost of a liter of gasoline by the desired volume and get the amount we need to pay. Shopping in a store, counting whether there is enough money in the wallet or on the bank card account, we begin to estimate the total cost of goods by adding up their prices.
Mathematics in everyday life
Making repairs in the house, we calculate the area of the walls based on their width and height, in order to know how many rolls of wallpaper to buy.
Deciding to increase their income, we estimate the benefits of deposits in a particular bank, calculate how much profit in monetary terms, if we draw up a deposit at 7% and if under 8.5%. If we decide to take out a loan, then each person evaluates how much he will have to pay and whether it is worth it.
For all of this, it is necessary to at least